What Is The Dash Diet?
The DASH Diet is a dietitian endorsed, research based eating plan that helps lower your blood pressure. ACE Nutrition presents the DASH Diet slideshow to provide some nutritional guidance and education. This is one of many diets and resource tools used by ACE Nutrition. Contact Michelle Deschenes at ACE Nutrition for further information regarding your health and nutritional concerns.
What DASH Can Do for You
The DASH Diet can help lower your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which is good for your heart. In fact, DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, or high blood pressure. Even if you don't have high blood pressure, the DASH Diet is worth a look. It may help you lose weight because it's a healthier way of eating. You won't feel deprived. You'll have lots of vegetables, fruits, and low-fat dairy products while cutting back on fats, cholesterol, and sweets.
Cut the Salt
Too much salt causes fluids to build up in your body. This puts extra pressure on your heart. On DASH, you'll lower your sodium to either 2,300 or 1,500 milligrams a day, depending on your health, age, race, and any medical conditions. Here are some ways to cut back:
- Choose low- or no-sodium foods and condiments.
- Watch foods that are cured, smoked, or pickled.
- Limit processed foods. They're often high in sodium.
Get Your Grains
Eating whole grains like whole wheat breads, brown rice, whole grain cereals, oatmeal, whole wheat pasta, and unsalted pretzels or popcorn is a good way to get fiber. Fiber helps lower your cholesterol and also keeps you feeling full longer. For a diet of 2,000 calories per day: Eat six to eight servings a day. One serving is a slice of bread, 1 ounce of dry cereal, or ½ cup of cooked whole wheat pasta, rice, or oatmeal (about the size of half a baseball).
Load Your Plate With Vegetables
Vegetables give you fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They don't have a lot of calories or fat -- a good recipe for controlling blood pressure. Have four to five servings of vegetables a day. That's 1/2 cup of cooked or raw vegetables, 1 cup of raw leafy vegetables, or 1/2 cup of vegetable juice for each serving. Iffy about veggies? Start by adding a salad at lunch and dinner.
Don't Forget Fruit
Fruits offer lots of fiber and vitamins that are good for your heart. Many also have potassium and magnesium, which lower blood pressure. Have four to five servings of fruit every day. One serving is a medium apple or orange, or 1/2 cup of frozen, fresh, or canned fruit. One-half cup of fruit juice or 1/4 cup of dried fruit also counts as a serving. Try adding bananas or berries to your breakfast cereal or have fruit for dessert.
Have Some Yogurt
Low- and no-fat dairy foods are good sources of calcium and protein, which can help maintain a healthy blood pressure. Try to get two to three servings of dairy every day. Choose skim or 1% milk, buttermilk, and low- or no-fat cheeses and yogurt. Frozen low-fat yogurt is OK, too. One serving equals 1 cup of yogurt or milk, or 1 1/2 ounces of cheese - about the size of three dice.
Go for Lean Meats and Fish
You can still eat meat. Just make sure it's lean. Meats are good sources of protein and magnesium. Skinless chicken and fish are also on the menu. Limit your servings to six or fewer a day. A serving is 1 ounce of cooked meat, fish, or poultry, or one egg. A good rule is to have no more than 3 ounces of meat at a meal -- the size of an iPhone. Limit egg yolks to no more than four in a week.
Add Nuts and Legumes
Nuts, legumes, and seeds are rich in magnesium, protein, and fiber. Walnuts are full of omega-3 fatty acids, which may help lower your risk of heart disease. Enjoy as many as five servings of these foods each week. That's 1/3 cup of nuts, 2 tablespoons of seeds, or a 1/2 cup of cooked dried beans or peas in each serving. Grab a handful of seeds or nuts as a snack. Or add beans to your salads or soups.
Cut Back on Fats and Oils
Eating too many fats can cause high cholesterol and heart disease. With DASH, you'll limit fats and oils to two to three servings a day. A serving is 1 teaspoon of margarine or vegetable oil, 1 tablespoon of mayonnaise, or 2 tablespoons of low-fat salad dressing. When cooking, use vegetable oils like olive or canola instead of butter.
Watch the Sweets
You don't have to skip all sweets. But you should try to have five or fewer servings a week. That's 1 tablespoon of sugar or jam, 1 cup of lemonade, or 1/2 cup of sorbet at a time. Choose sweets that are low in fat, such as gelatin, hard candy, or maple syrup. Instead of high-fat desserts, try having fresh fruit over low-fat ice cream.
Get Enough Potassium
Potassium is another important part of the DASH diet. Getting enough of this mineral may help lower your blood pressure. It's best to get potassium from food instead of supplements. Aim for 4,700 milligrams (mg) a day. Try these potassium-rich foods:
- Potato: 926 mg
- Sweet potato: 540 mg
- Banana: 420 mg
- Avocado (1/2): 345 mg
- Cooked spinach (1/2 cup): 290 mg
Getting Started on DASH
DASH isn't hard to follow, but you'll have to make some changes. Start by keeping a food diary for a few days and see how your diet stacks up. Then start making changes. You'll aim for around 2,000 calories a day. It may vary some depending on your body and how active you are. Ask your doctor for advice.
The SMART Approach:
How many times have you tried a new diet plan, or exercise routine and after a couple of days it goes by the wayside? We all start out with good intentions, but do you end up with the results that you were hoping for?
The SMART Approach will help you reach your goal and keep you on track:
- S — Your goal should be SPECIFIC. The goal must be clear, concise and well-defined.
- M — Your goal must be MEASURABLE. You need to have a way to measure your progress and success in achieving your goal.
- A — Your goal should be ATTAINABLE. Of course you will be challenged to reach your goal, but with dedication the goal should be achievable.
- R — Your goal must be REALISTIC. Be honest and reasonable about your expectations so that you will remain committed and focused on success.
- T — Your goal must be TIME-BOUND. You will need to set a timeframe with a clearly defined deadline.
ACE Nutrition will help you determine a realistic, attainable, time-sensitive goal that is tailor-made for your specific personal needs. ACE Nutrition will ensure that you have the tools that you need to succeed.
The SMART Approach as featured in Management Review (1981) by George T. Doran